Agency: Los Angeles County Forestry Department (possibly co-operative with USFS)
Tower: First ed: 36’ steel; Sec ed: 46’ steel; Third ed: rebuilt on an antenna tower
Cab: Modified after construction
Status: Standing, re-purposed to an antenna tower
Elevation: 3747 ft
Topo Map: USGS Oat Mountain
Coordinates: 34.3298, -118.6010
Trail reports: Hike-Los Angeles, Nobody Hikes in LA
At 3750 feet, Oat Mountain is the highest peak in the Santa Susana Mountains, overlooking the San Fernando, Santa Clarita and Simi Valleys. Strolling through this area provides an interesting glimpse of Los Angeles history: a fire lookout tower once protected Los Angeles from fires and a nike missile site protected Los Angeles from possible aerial attacks by the Soviet Union.
Sunrise from Brown Canyon Road
The Oat Mountain area lies within the Michael D. Antonovich Regional Park, land managed by the Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority (MRCA). A common way to head to Oat Mountain is through the Chatsworth side via Brown Canyon Road.
Parking area at Brown Canyon Road
The entire road is paved to the summit but in less than a mile in after leaving the parking area, you’ll encounter the first remains of the nike site. After that, a few more strenuous miles leads to the antenna-dotted summit in which a former lookout stood.
Long and winding Brown Canyon Road to Oat Mountain summit
Looking at a cloud enshrouded valley from Brown Canyon Road
Cattle and horses freely roam this area.
Oat Mountain Fire Lookout
The Los Angeles County Forestry Department constructed a fire lookout tower here in 1923 under the direction of County Forester Stuart J. Flintham. It was thirty-six-feet high, 3,000 pounds and cost $650 to make. A small cabin was built at the base of the tower for the lookout staff, who were paid by both the U.S. Forest and Los Angeles county. A telephone line connected directly to the county’s Newhall district headquarters to phone in case of fire-spotting.
Oat Mountain lookout, Los Angeles Times, September 1926. Victor Lopez, the lookout, on the left
Lookout personnel throughout the decades included: F. A. Graves in 1924, a Chatsworth homesteader; Victor Oliver Lopez, who stayed the longest from in 1924-1941; John C. Hofer in 1949, Fay L. Willett in 1951, and Ray Smith in 1963.
During World War II, the Oat Mountain site was manned on a 24-hour, 7-day schedule as it played a crucial role in the aircraft warning system. Aircraft spotters had to share the tower with the lookouts, which prompted the veteran lookout, Victor Lopez to quit as he said, “it got too crowded in here.”
In 1937, the old tower was replaced by a new tower, which was ten feet higher and had the living quarters on the same level but by 1951 the Pacific Telephone Co. decided to install their microwave relay station at this site. A compromise was reached in which the phone company removed the old tower and simply added a suitable second-story lookout to their antenna tower.
Oat Mountain fire lookout, from The Signal, 1963. “TWO-FOLD TOWER Another view of tower shows some of the complex microwave equipment installed by the telephone company. Both Fire Dept. and phone company share this unit.”
From The Signal, 1963. Large triangular shaped antennae surround the lookout room. It has stilt-like legs that withstand up to 125 miles per hour. Note the spiral ladder heading up the tower.
The Oat Mountain fire lookout served Los Angeles for 50 years from 1923 till 1973 before being closed for poor visibility caused by smog issues. In the later fire seasons, Oat Mountain was only spotting 10 of the estimated 74 brush fire incidents in the area.
Today, Oat Mountain summit is a site of microwave relay antennas, Doppler weather equipment and oil wells. However, sweeping vistas of the valleys below are still magnificent.
Summit of Oat Mountain
ABC’s Doppler 7000 resting on the tower structure
Same spiral ladder up the tower
LA-88 NIKE Site (1956-1974)
A few decades after the fire lookout tower was erected, the U.S. entered the Cold War era and built nike sites to protect cities from Soviet Union nuclear attacks. A ring of nike sites were strategically built around the most important cities, with Los Angeles having a total of 16.
Nike Site LA-88 was built on Oat Mountain in 1956 with clear views of the San Fernando Valley to the Pacific Ocean. Most nike sites were comprised of three segments: the administrative, launcher, and control areas. On Oat Mountain, the control area was built half a mile from the summit, while the administrative and launcher areas were built lower on the mountain near the Chatsworth side of Oat Mountain.
Hercules Missile Base opens in Valley. From the Valley Times Collection, Los Angeles Public Library, 1958.
Soldier stands guard over poised Nike guided missile. From the Valley Times Collection, Los Angeles Public Library, 1960.
Administration area included multi-purpose buildings, barracks, the mess hall, etc. Nothing much remains
The Launcher area housed powerful anti-ballistic missiles in an underground storage facility as well as buildings for missile assembly and fueling. A sentry dog kennel was built for the guard dogs to stay ready in case of any possible intruders.
Sentry dogs were used to guard the base from possible night time intruders. Courtesy of Dean Gordon, Valley Times Collection, Los Angeles Public Library, 1958.
A few buildings remain today, in deteriorated condition from time, vandalism, wildfires, etc. The launcher area is the most preserved section of the nike site…
Nike buildings on launcher area, with a mysterious abandoned bus
Long abandoned city bus near the launcher area, may have been used for LAPD training exercises
Missile Assembly building, launcher area
Inside a building in launcher area
Inside a building in launcher area
Bullet riddled building, training by LAPD
Concrete Pad over launcher area, underground storage for missiles
Nike Silo Doors, launcher area
There is an opening to head down to the underground level. A long ladder heads down to a big dark room
Looking up from the underground storage missile facility (zoomed in)
Army Cots/Sleeping Headquarters
Back to the launcher area, main deck with a second city bus
Looking back at the launcher area from a dilapidated staircase
The Oat Mountain Nike Site was in operation from 1957 to 1974. From 1978 to 1990, the California Conservation Corps (CCC) established a camp here in which corps members worked on fire control and conservation projects. The site later became training grounds for the LAPD and SWAT team, however it is unclear if they still use this area to train.
LA-88 Nike control area, 1969. The dome shaped structure was a radar known as the HIPAR radar antenna. Photo by Don West.
The Nike Missile site and the Oat Mountain lookout tower worked in tandem to protect Los Angeles for 18 years. Eventually the tower was closed and LA-88 was decommissioned shortly after.